What can this little Hungarian town with 35 thousand inhabitants, in Romania, in the central of Szeklerland, at the feet of the Hargita mountain, in the valley of the Nagyküküllő, provide? Each settlement has its own façade, spirit, which is formed by the stories of the past and the present, and the dreams of the inhabitants or through passengers. The area of Székelyudvarhely was inhabited from the oldest times. This can be concluded by the stone tools, ceramic materials, bronze axes, and objects from the early iron age, which were found during archeological excavations. The romans built castrums (encampments), which were destroyed by the different wandering tribes.
Today on the place of the castrum there are the ruins of the Szekler Attacked Castle, which was being built between 1562 and 1565, to chasten the Szeklers. The settlement was firstly mentioned in the pontifical tax records, in 1333, and in 1485 it appeared as a city in the charter published by the transylvanian voivod Báthory István. The rank of Székelyudvarhely was lifted by the Szekler National Assemblies, which were held here, and the appellate tribunal that made verdicts valid for the whole Szeklerland. Maybe this is the cause why later the town is also mentioned as the Szekler Mother City.
Despite the many stormy times of the last centuries: wars, empire and regime changes, schools that enhance the reputation of the town, public buildings, factories, railways, cozy bourgeois houses, restaurants and cafes were established. The transylvanian religious tolerance is shown by the churches of Roman Catholic, Calvinistic, Unitarian, Greek Catholic or in the XX th century appeared neo-protestant denominations’ churches, which are standing side by side. As the late writer of the town, Tomcsa Sándor, said: it had all the capability, aptitude, infrastructure plans by which it could have become a big city, but still it did not. Perhaps this gives its charm: being a townlet, with rich historical past, excellent natural endowments, colourful student life, sparkling cultural life, the beauty of the Hargita, the allurement of the nearby baths – Szejke, Homoródfürdő, – the delicious szekler cuisines,
the plum brandy, the chimney cake, the szekler hospitality.